Ovarian Cyst Treatment in Boston, MA

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

A cyst is simply a fluid-filled sack that can form in a number of places throughout the body. Women have two ovaries located on each side of the uterus in which eggs can develop and mature. During the course of their lives, most women will develop a cyst of some sort on at least one of their ovaries that may either disappear without treatment or cause serious symptoms. These cysts usually form during ovulation periods, but can happen outside of that window as well. The board-certified OB/GYNs at Brigham-Faulkner OB/GYN are expertly trained in diagnosing and treating women throughout the Boston area for ovarian cysts. Call (617) 983-7003 to request an appointment at our OB/GYN clinic in Boston, MA.

What Causes Ovarian Cysts?

There are a number of different types of cysts that may have difference causes. Most will develop due to your menstrual cycle and are considered functional, while others may develop outside of your menstrual cycle posing separate issues. The most common types are as follows:

Follicular Cyst

A follicular cyst is a functional cyst and happens around the middle of your current menstrual cycle. The follicle is essentially the sac in which an egg grows and is broken open when the egg is released. However, if the follicle doesn’t open, it will eventually turn into a cyst.

Corpus Luteum Cyst

After the egg is released from a follicle, the follicle becomes a corpus luteum, which is responsible for aiding in conception. If fluid accumulates inside this follicle, it can turn into a cyst.


These are all non-functional cysts and are typically created outside of your menstrual cycle. Endometriomas are caused by endometriosis, dermoids are formed from cells present from birth or an embryo, and cystadenomas are developed from watery fluid on the surface of your ovary.

It’s important to note that any cyst should be checked by a gynecologist in order to determine the exact cause and type. This will help determine if they are benign or malignant as well.

What Are The Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?

Most ovarian cysts will not cause any sort of symptoms and go away on their own. But, if the cyst is large enough, there is a chance that it may cause issues such as pelvic pain, bloating, dull back pain, unexplained weight gain, or pain during period.

If you are experiencing anything out of the ordinary, especially during your menstrual cycle, contact your gynecologist today to discuss.

How Do I Treat Ovarian Cysts?

If you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cysts, there’s a chance that your doctor will not immediately discuss a plan involving surgery or medication. In fact, many will suggest that you wait and be re-examined to see if the cyst goes away within a month or two. In addition, it is recommended that you receive pelvic ultrasounds during your visits in order to determine if the cyst has grown. You may be prescribed new hormonal contraceptives to keep them from occurring moving forward, but this will not assist in treating existing cysts.

If the cyst is large,  your doctor may recommend removal of the cyst by surgery. However, if the cyst is cancerous you may be referred to a gynecologic cancer specialist.

Request an Ovarian Cyst Treatment Consultation

If you are concerned that you are affected by ovarian cysts, or have further questions regarding treatment options, please schedule your appointment with an OB/GYN at Brigham-Faulkner OB/GYN today.

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